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Ua fautuaina e Botswana le faʻasaina o le tuli manu ma fefaʻatauaiga ona ua paʻu le aofaʻi o elefane

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botswdecl
tusia e faʻatonu

O iʻuga o suʻesuʻega talu ai nei ma sili ona lautele o aʻoaʻoga o tagata i Botswana, ua fuafuaina ai le faitau aofai o tagata i le 126,000 elefane, o se isi paʻu mai le 131,600 na lipotia mai i le 2014. O le lipoti o loʻo faʻaalia ai le faʻaauau pea o le faʻateleina o le faʻatauina o elefane i nofoaga tetele e fa i Northern Botswana, lea na amata se afa o le aufaasālalau i le tausaga talu ai.

O le lipoti lea a Elephants without Bounds (EWB) na aumai ina ua maeʻa ona tuʻuina atu e le komiti laiti a le kapeneta le latou lipoti o le sailia o manu i le Peresetene Masisi i le Aso Tofi o le vaiaso na teʻa nei, lea e fautuaina ai e le gata i le aveʻesea o le faasaina o manu, ae faʻapea foi ma le faʻaulufaleina mai o le elefane masani. fale gaosi 'oloa mo meaʻai meaola, faʻapea foi ma le tapunia o ni auala feoaʻi o manu feʻai.

Na muamua tuʻuina atu e le malo o Botswana se talosaga i le CITES e sauniuni ai mo le fonotaga a le CoP18 ia Me o le tausaga nei, ma talosagaina le toe teuteuina o le lisi CITES o le elefani savannah Aferika e faʻataga ai fefaʻatauaiga i le sailia o ni ipu, manu ola ma lesitala (a le malo) faʻasoa o mata. nifo elefane

E tusa ai ma le lipoti a le Aferika Elefane Tulaga (2016), Ole faitau aofai o elefane a Botswana faaititia e le 15% i le 10 tausaga ua tuanaʻi. Lenei lipoti manino faʻaalia ai o Botswana 'elefane faitau aofai e le o faʻateleina, pei ona masani ona fautuaina i faiga faʻaupufai ma tulimanu auala. E ui lava o lona faitau aofaʻi o loʻo tele pea i Saute Aferika, ae o le mea moni 100, 000 laʻititi ifo nai lo le 237,000 masani taʻua e le aufaipolokiki ma le au faʻasalalau i Botswana. I taumafaiga e taʻuamiotonuina culling ma tulimanu.

O le EWB elefane faitau aofai o 126,000 e faʻavae i luga o se itulagi lautele lautele vaʻalele suʻesuʻega, ufiufi se tele tele eria nai lo soʻo se suesuega muamua e EWB. O le soʻotaga EWB ma le DWNP 'au na felelei i luga o le vaitaimi o le 62 aso, faʻamauina sili atu nai lo 32,000 km o faʻasolosolo ma ufiufi luga o 100,000 km2 o Botswana, e aofia ai Chobe, Makgadikgadi ma Nxai Pan National Parks ma nofoaga lata ane o Wildlife Management Areas, Okavango Delta ma Moremi Game Reserve, ma laufanua tausi maʻi i Ngamiland, Chobe ma Itumalo Tutotonu. 

E fa nofoaga vevela o le faʻatauina o elefane faʻaalia i North Botswana

Talu mai le suʻesuʻega mulimuli i le 2014, na maua ai e le vaega suʻesuʻe a le EWB le maualuga o le siʻitia o tino fou ma lata mai o elefane, e pei o elefane na feoti i totonu o le tausaga talu ai, o mafuaʻaga masani ma le faʻatamaia o mea.

Na faʻamaonia mai e le vaega a le EWB e faapea, o tino oti o elefane e 128 e le atoa le tasi le tausaga, e 72 na faʻamaonia a le o luga o le eleele poʻo le faia o suʻesuʻega i luga o le ea e pei ona fasiotia e le au fai meaʻai, ma le 22 faʻaopopo mai ata na suʻeina. I se faʻaopopoga, 79 tino matua nai lo le tasi tausaga tino oti na suʻesuʻeina i se tasi nofoaga faʻapitoa vevela, o le 63 na faʻamaonia na faʻasea. O le aofaʻi o tino oti i tausaga uma na siʻitia mai le 6.8% i le 8.1% i le va o le 2014 ma le 2018, e masani ona taliaina e faʻailoa ai le aofaʻi o le elefane e ono faʻaitiitia.

O le elefane o loʻo faʻaalia uma lava le ata faʻamaonia o le sasaina ma le tutusa modus operandi. E fana e le au faomea manu meaola i fana uʻamea maualuga pe a o mai e feinu i apa taumamao taumafanafana. Afai e le oti vave le elefane, e faʻapipiʻiina e se tasi le faʻatau manu e ala i le faʻaleagaina o le uaula i le matau. O a latou nifo e toso ese, matua afaina ai le ulupoo, e masani ona aveʻese le ogalaau mai foliga, ma o le tino oti ua ufiufi i lala tipiina i se taumafaiga e nana le manu feoti.

O le au gaoi e foliga mai e galulue i se tasi eria, ma taulaʻi povi ma lapoʻa nifo, ae le i see atu i le isi nofoaga. Latou te leʻo vaʻaia, ona o le tolauapiga a le tagata gaoi na maua foi latalata i se tasi o fuata.

O le vaega faʻamaonia eleele faʻamaoniaina o le tele o elefane poached o le mea moni povi poʻa i le va o le tausaga 35-45 tausaga le matua. O lenei foi e fesoʻotaʻi ma faʻamaoniga i le lipoti o le aofaʻi o povi ua paʻu ifo mai le 21,600 tagata i le 2014 i le 19,400 i le 2018.

O le faʻatauga e tele lava ona vaaia i totonu o nofoaga tetele e fa i North Botswana - o le vaega i le va o le Pan Handle ma Caprivi Strip, i totonu ma faataamilo i le vaega Savuti o Chobe e aofia ai Khwai ma Linyanti, latalata i Maun, ma i le eria i le va o Chobe ma Nxai Pan.

O le vaega e iva a saienitisi tutoʻatasi o elefane na toe iloiloina le lipoti a le EWB ma maua ai le saienisi ua mausali. Na taʻua e se tasi sui usufono, "o se lipoti maeʻaeʻa ma maeʻa ona faʻaalia ma le faʻaeteete lenei lipoti o loʻo faʻaalia ai le matua maoaʻe lava".

E ui i lea, o loʻo taumafai pea le malo o Botswana e faʻatamaʻi lona masalosalo i mataupu eseese o loʻo auiliili mai ile lipoti, ose vaega o le le mautonu o polokiki faapolokiki. EWB matua teteʻe i le malo tagi ma fai mai latou te lagona le faanoanoa ona e leʻi fesoʻotaʻi saʻo le malo ia latou e talanoaina le lipoti.

I le faaopoopo atu i le tele o elefane maliu, 13 rhinos na fasiotia e le au faomea i na o le 11 masina i Botswana, tolu o na i le Okavango Delta. O le osooso mai o manu feʻai i meaola e taufaafefe, ae paga lea e le tutasi ia Botswana.

O Dr Iain Douglas-Hamilton, o le sui o le vaega iloiloina, fai mai "i laʻu vaai [le EWB] faitauga ua faaalia ai o le faatosinaina o elefane ua faateleina i se tulaga sili atu nai lo le taimi muamua mafaufauina, siitia ai le avanoa e mafai ai nisi faaopoopoga ono mafai".

Na taʻua foi e le isi sui usufono, "e sefe le taʻu atu, afai e faaauau pea le matauina o le gaoi, e ono iai se faaitiitia taua o tagata o elefane. E le fiafia le aufaipolokiki e vaʻai i ni faʻasalalauga le lelei ae peitaʻi o lenei e tatau ona avea o se lapataʻiga, ma o puipuiga e tatau ona faia ".

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