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O faʻatauga a le Botswana tulimanu e 385 elefane

Elephant-close-up-3-Francis-Garrard
Elephant-close-up-3-Francis-Garrard

Le itiiti ifo ma le 385 elefane na gaoia i le tausaga talu ai, peitaʻi o le malo o Botswana faatoa setiina kuota faaletausaga o 400 elefane e fasiotia e le au tulimanu manumalo ma fuafua e teuteu le CITES lisi o le Aferika elefane e faʻatagaina ai fefaʻatauaiga i nifo elefane.

"Ua i ai le faʻatupulaia o le faʻatau lima, matou te taʻutino atu", fai mai Kitso Mokaila (Minisita o le Siosiomaga ma Punaoa Faʻanatura, Faʻasao ma Turisi) i se faʻatalatalanoaga talu ai nei a le CNN. Ae ui i lea, e foliga mai e leʻo taliaina atoatoa e le malo le maualuga o le aʻoaʻoina o aʻoaʻoga o loʻo tupu nei i Botswana poʻo le mea moni, o le sailia faʻailoga o le a faʻateleina ai lenei mea.

Faʻamaoniga o le toeititi 600% faʻateleina o elefane fou tino oti, faʻapipiʻi lima foliga i le taimi o le 2017-18, o loʻo faʻaalia i se uo iloiloina pepa "Faʻamaoniga o se Faʻateleina Elephant Poaching Faʻafitauli i Botswana”, Lolomiina i le tusi talaaga o le Biology i Nei.

O le tele o tino elefane o tagata masalomia na maua faʻamalosi tino na maua i le suesuega o le ea i le 2018, na faʻamaonia i luga o le eleele e Dr Mike Chase ma lana 'au Elephants Without Bounds (EWB) ma na faʻaalia uma lava faʻailoga mataʻutia o le gaoi. O a latou ulupoo e tosoina i ni toʻi e aveese ai nifo ma o latou tino na faʻapipiʻiina e ufiufi i lala e nana moni ai le molimau. O nisi elefane na latou vavaeʻeseina a latou togavao e faʻavaʻa ai manu na mautinoa o loʻo ola pea aʻo aveʻese e leoleo manu a latou tolo.

Ole maualuga ole faʻatauina atu na maua e le EWB ile taimi ole latou suʻesuʻega ile ea e matua popole lava. Chase (Faavae ma Faʻatonu - EWB) fai mai "o le faʻamaoniga i lenei pepa e le mafai ona finauina ma lagolagoina la matou lapataʻiga o elefane povi o lo o fasiotia e le faʻatamaia kegi i Botswana; e tatau ona tatou taofia muamua ae latou te leʻi faʻamalolosi.

Soʻo se elefane gaoia na maua e Chase ma lana 'au o se povi poʻa matua i le va o le 30-60 tausaga le matua ma ni nifo lapoʻa e tusa ma le faitau afe o tala i luga o le maketi uliuli.

O faʻatau manu ma faʻatau tulimanu o loʻo i ai se manino fiafia mo le tele ma matutua matutua elefane ma sili tele nifo, o le tele o povi poʻa matutua nai lo 35 tausaga. O nei povi poʻa e taua tele i le lautele ie o le elefane faitau aofai, i le ata puʻeina safari ma i se taimi umi gafataulimaina o le manumalo tulimanu alamanuia lava ia.

Peitaʻi, o se tulimanu o le 400 'elefane, faʻateleina e le toetoe lava o le tele o povi poʻa, tumau?

O le aofaʻi o povi poʻa matutua i Botswana e tusa ma le 20,600, tusa o le EWB 2018 suʻesuʻega vaalele. I le sili ona lelei, 6,000 o na povi povi e matutua atu i le 35 tausaga.

Pe a tatalaina e le Peresetene Mokgweetsi Masisi le vaitau o le sailia o le manumalo, e ono ono leiloa ai i Botswana ni povi se 785 i le sailia o manu ma le gaoi. I se isi faʻaupuga, 13% o le matua ma sili atu feusuaʻi povi o le a aveʻesea mai le elefane faitau aofaʻi i le tausaga.

O le au Hunters latou te talitonu o le aofaʻiga o le aofaʻi o le aofaʻi o le aofaʻi o le aofaʻi, pe tusa ma le 0.35% o povi poʻa matutua, o le maualuga lea o le gaioiga e faia e aunoa ma le leiloa o le lapopoʻa o le tusk. Peitai, e le o amanaʻia le faʻaopoopoga o le "off-take" ona o le gaoi, lea e avea ai le kuota i le taimi nei i Botswana toeititi faaluaina lenei "tumau" tulaga.

Tusa lava pe le faʻateleina le aʻoaʻoina o togi, e naʻo le 7-8 tausaga e aveʻese uma ai elefane matutua povi, e mautinoa e leai se mea e tumau ai.

O le faʻatauga tulimanu tulimanu o le a vave finau o le faʻatauga e tupu ona o le tuli faʻatauga tuʻua na tuʻulafoaʻiina. Ae ui i lea, o le faʻatau atu i Botswana na amata ona faʻateleina sina taimi i le 2017, tolu atoa tausaga talu ona maeʻa le faʻataʻavale tulimanu.

O le tuputupu aʻe o le faitau aofai o tagata o le a faifai lemu i lenei aafiaga, ae i na eria e fai uma ai le tulimanu ma le faʻatau atu, o le matua povi faitau aofaʻi o le a matua faʻaititia lava, lea o le a iai sona aʻafiaga i le va fealoaʻi o na tagata elefane.

Fai mai Dr Michelle Henley (Faʻatonu, Co-founder ma Principal Researcher - Elephants Alive) "O povi matutua e sili atu le manuia i tama, faʻalauteleina le lotogatasi i vaega, avea ma faufautua i totonu o vaega nofofua, ma taofi le malosi o tamaʻi povi."

O le vaega mulimuli e matua taua lava, aua o le leai o ni povi poʻa matutua o lona uiga o le tamaititi e sau i totonu o le tino i le amataga, ma avea ai latou ono sili atu le faʻamalosi. O lenei osofaʻiga e ono taitaiina atu ai i le faateleina o le Human-Elephant Conflict, o le mataupu lava lea e faamoemoe le malo o Botswana e faaitiitia e ala i le toe aumaia o le sailiga o le manumalo.

O le umi ona filifilia "off-take" o tele tuskers aafia ai foi le ituaiga eseese o elefane, e tau atu ai i le faitau aofai o tamaʻi nifo ma e oʻo lava i elefane elefane. Lenei suiga i genetics le gata aafia ai le umi-ola ola o nei elefane, ae iai foi tuʻuga o taunuuga mo le gafataulimaina o le manumalo tulimanu alamanuia lava ia.

O le fasi faʻatulafonoina o elefane mo a latou nifo elefane ua oʻo atu i tulaga le tumau i le salafa o Aferika, o fea o le aofai o elefane fasiotia faʻatulafonoina nei ua sili atu i le faʻafouina masani. E talitonu ua e tasi le elefane e fasiotia i le 30 minute.

E ui lava na fasiotia tagata elefane i le tele o Aferika mo sina taimi, o le faitau aofaʻi o elefane o Botswana na sili atu pe laʻititi le mausali talu mai le amataga o le 2010 ma le soifua maloloina o tagata e tusa ma le 126,000 elefane.

Na taʻua e Chase, "Ou te talitonu e mafai e paaga uma ona galulue faatasi e faatino auala talafeagai e faaitiitia ai le faasoesa. I le iʻuga, o le a faʻamasinoina Botswana e le ona o se faʻafitauli o le faʻatamaia o meaai, ae pe faʻafefea ona ia tagofia. "

TULAGA: Faasao gaioiga Trust

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